Regenerative medicine is a new branch of medicine that has developed with the use of stem cells. If you’re wondering how regenerative medicine works, you’ve come to the right place. Regenerative medicine focuses on tissue regeneration in humans to repair damage caused by a disease. This area of research has come a long way with the help of stem cells revealing a safer alternative to traditional organ transplant. Find out more about the role of stem cells in regenerative medicine!
7 Ways Regenerative Medicine Improved with Stem Cell Research
1. Stem Cells Can Transdifferentiate into Other Cells
The potential to transdifferentiate into other types of cells is what makes stem cell research a great contribution to regenerative medicine. The transplantation of stem cells allowed scientist to repair organ tissue damage and treat diseases.
2. Mediates the Body
Stem cells play a key role in the development of our bodies. They are the foundation of our organs and tissues and manages tissue repair and development. Because of these traits, research allows scientist to use stem cells to repair and renew damaged organs and tissues in our bodies.
3. Different Types of Stem Cells
— Stem Cell Researchers (@stemcell_res) January 12, 2018
There are two types of stem cells, from the controversial embryonic stem cells to the adult stem cells. Stem cells are also divided into four transdifferentiation potential: unipotent, multipotent, pluripotent, and totipotent. Their transdifferentiation potential classifies whether a stem cell can form whole organisms or only a few germ layers.
4. Safe for Donors
Doctors harvest most organs transplanted into patients from previous patients who have passed away or living donors. Living organ donors assume more at risk than stem cell donors. Stem cell donations can be extracted from your bone marrow with a specialized needle or on an outpatient procedure through a simple blood extraction.
5. Different Ways of Transplantation
Stem cell transplants can be syngeneic, allogeneic, or autologous. Stem cells in allogeneic transplants are taken from carefully selected donors that match the patient. While stem cells in autologous transplants are taken from the patient which avoids the risk of rejection. Syngeneic stem cell transplants are also safe but the stem cells in this procedure can only be taken from a healthy identical twin.
6. Avoids Host-Versus-Graft Rejection
Stem cell research allows scientists to avoid any consequences of host-versus-graft rejection through tissue typing the HLA, or human leukocyte antigens, of the patient. There are also immune suppressant drugs your doctor can recommend ensuring there will be no rejection.
7. Regenerative Medicine with Tissue Engineering
Tissue engineering has also impacted regeneration with stem cells by creating biodegradable 3D-scaffolds. These scaffolds mimic the mechanics of tissues to allow the scientists to create specialized tissues using stem cells. These tests lower the chances of rejection and need for immune suppressants.
Watch this video from TEDx Talks to find out more about stem cells’ role in regenerative medicine!
Regenerative medicine is a new branch of medicine that has allowed scientists and doctors to restore and repair lost and damaged tissues and organs. Stem cell research also has the potential to repair all kinds of tissue damage from heart attacks to neurodegenerative diseases. Compared to organ transplants, stem cell transplants are also safer for both the patient and donor.
What do you think of the contribution of stem cells to regenerative medicine? Share your thoughts and experience with us in the comments below!